AskDefine | Define capture

Dictionary Definition

capture

Noun

1 the act of forcibly dispossessing an owner of property [syn: gaining control, seizure]
2 a process whereby a star or planet holds an object in its gravitational field
3 any process in which an atomic or nuclear system acquires an additional particle
4 the act of taking of a person by force [syn: seizure]
5 the removal of an opponent's piece from the chess board

Verb

1 succeed in representing or expressing something intangible; "capture the essence of Spring"; "capture an idea"
2 attract; cause to be enamored; "She captured all the men's hearts" [syn: enamour, trance, catch, becharm, enamor, captivate, beguile, charm, fascinate, bewitch, entrance, enchant]
3 succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase; "We finally got the suspect"; "Did you catch the thief?" [syn: get, catch]
4 bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit; "This nucleus has captured the slow-moving neutrons"; "The star captured a comet"
5 take possession of by force, as after an invasion; "the invaders seized the land and property of the inhabitants"; "The army seized the town"; "The militia captured the castle" [syn: appropriate, seize, conquer]
6 capture as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping; "I caught a rabbit in the trap toady" [syn: catch]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From capture (noun).

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. An act of capturing.
  2. Something that has been captured; a captive.

Translations

act of capturing
something that has been captured

Verb

  1. To take control of.
  2. To remove or take control of from the opponent in a game (e.g., chess, go, checkers)
    • He captured his opponent’s queen on the 15th move.
  3. To store (as in sounds or image) for later revisitation
    • She captured the sounds of a subway station on tape.
    • She captured the details of the fresco in a series of photographs.
  4. To reproduce convincingly.
    • His film adaptation captured the spirit of the original work.
    • In her latest masterpiece, she captured the essence of Venice.
  5. To remove or take control of an opponent’s piece in a game (e.g., chess, go, checkers.)
    My pawn was captured.

Quotations

  • 1954, Fred Reinfeld, How to Be a Winner at Chess, page 63, Hanover House (Garden City, NY)
    How deeply ingrained capturing is in the mind of a chess master can be seen from this story.

Translations

to take control of
  • Finnish: kaapata, napata
  • Slovene: zavzeti (to capture a thing or place), ujeti, zajeti (to capture a person)
to take control of from opponent in game
to store
  • Finnish: tallentaa
  • Slovene: ujeti
to reproduce convincingly
  • Finnish: vangita
remove or take control of opponent’s piece
  • Russian: взятие

Related terms

French

Etymology

From captura, from captus (singular first-person subjunctive passive pluperfect of capere).

Noun

fr-noun f

Extensive Definition

Capture can refer to a number of things aside from its usual dictionary definitions:
In media:
Other uses:
  • (Fishing) This term is increasing being used in fishing to describe the "capture" of fish in "capture" fisheries. A capture fishery is a wild fishery and contrasts with a farmed fishery.
  • (Medical) the minimal point at which a heart pacing device is able to influence the rate of the heart. Measured in milliamps.
  • (Economics and political science) capture is said to occur when bureaucrats or politicians, who are supposed be acting in the public interest, end up acting systematically to favor particular vested interests.
  • (Geology) Sometimes the upper courses of rivers can be captured by other rivers eroded through the watershed.
  • (Pop Culture) Capture is also a famous anti-aging skincare products franchise from Parfums Christian Dior, created in 1986 and starring Sharon Stone since 2006
  • Capture CIS a circuit schematic capture utility, part of the OrCAD tool suite
capture in French: Capture

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abduction, acquire, apprehend, apprehension, arrest, arrestation, arrestment, bag, be seized of, bear the palm, booty, bust, carry, carry away, carry it, carry off, carry the day, catch, catching, collar, collaring, come by, come in for, come into, come out first, contract, corral, coup, derive, drag down, dragnet, draw, earn, enter into possession, finish in front, fluke, forcible seizure, gain, gain the day, get, grab, grabbing, harvest, haul, hold, kidnapping, lay hold of, make, make a killing, make an arrest, nab, nabbing, nail, net, netting, nick, obtain, pick up, picking up, pinch, power grab, prehend, prehension, procure, pull down, put under arrest, reap, run in, running in, sack, score, secure, seize, seizure, seizure of power, snatch, snatching, take, take captive, take hold of, take in, take into custody, take prisoner, take the cake, taking, taking in, taking into custody, win, win out, win the battle, win the laurels, win the palm, win the prize, win through
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